moqalaqeoba

Citizenship of Georgia

Citizenship of Georgia means a legal bond of a person to Georgia. This bond grants a citizen social, economic, political rights (equal rights to personal freedom, dignified life, education, vote, minimum income) and, at the same time, imposes certain obligations (to observe national legislation, et cetera) on him/her.

Acquisition of Georgian citizenship

Citizenship of Georgia may be acquired by:

  1. Birth;
  2. Following people acquire Georgian citizenship by birth:
  1. A person with one of parents being a Georgian citizen at the time of his/her birth;
  2. A person born in Georgia as a result of extracorporeal fertilization (surrogating), if neither of parents’ countries of citizenship considers him/her as its citizen;
  3. A child of stateless persons in Georgia, who is born in Georgia;
  4. A person born in Georgia whose one of parents is a stateless person in Georgia and another parent is unknown.

When am I required to establish my legal bond to Georgia?

Legal bond needs to be established when documents submitted by you (for example, when obtaining ID for the first time) and documents obtained by Justice Ministry do not evidence your citizenship of Georgia.

What criteria should I meet to have my legal bond to Georgia established?

Except for those persons who acquired or will acquire Georgian citizenship in accordance with the Organic Law of Georgia on Georgia Citizenship, the following persons are considered citizens of Georgia:

  1. Persons born before 31 March 1975, who lived in Georgia for at least five years in total, were on the territory of Georgia by 31 March 1993 and did not acquire citizenship of other country;
  1. Persons born after 31 March 1975, who lived on the territory of Georgia by 31 March 1993 and did not acquire citizenship of other country;
  1. Persons born in Georgia who left Georgia after 21 December 1991 and therefore, do not meet the requirements of paragraphs a) and b) of this clause, provided that they did not acquire citizenship of other country.

 

Whom should I apply for the establishment of legal bond to Georgia?

To establish a legal bond to Georgia, please apply to the Public Service Hall.

If you are outside Georgia, please apply to a relevant diplomatic or consular representation of Georgia abroad.

Required documents:

  1. Application filled out in accordance with the established form;
  2. Photo 3×4 in size;
  3. Receipt certifying the payment of service fee;

Additional documents required:

To establish a legal bond to Georgia pursuant to paragraph a):

  1. Document evidencing that you resided in Georgia for at least five years in total (a copy of passport, military card, employment record book, or a certificate from workplace, or/and other document certifying the fact);
  1. Document evidencing that you were in Georgia by 31 March 1993 (a copy of passport, military card, employment record book, or a certificate from workplace, or/and other document certifying the fact).

To establish a legal bond to Georgia pursuant to paragraph b):

  1. Copy of document certifying the birth (birth certificate, ID card of Georgian citizen, passport, passport data of parents);
  2. Copies of documents certifying the fact of residing in Georgia by 31 March 1993.

To establish a legal bond to Georgia pursuant to paragraph c):

  1. Copy of document certifying the birth in Georgia (birth certificate, ID card of Georgian citizen, passport, passport data of parents);
  2. Copies of documents certifying the fact of leaving Georgia after 21 December 1991 (passport, military card, employment record book, or other document certifying the legal fact).

Note: Where there is a ground of acquiring citizenship of foreign country, an applicant shall submit a certificate issued by competent authorities of a relevant foreign country evidencing that he/she is not a citizen of that country. This requirement is not binding on those countries that do not issue such certificates. However, an applicant will lose citizenship of Georgia if it is revealed that he/she is a citizen of another country.

The mentioned documents must be in Georgian language. Documents drawn up in other language are accepted provided they are enclosed with a duly certified Georgian translation. An issue of citizenship of a minor or incapable person is considered on the basis of application of their legal representative.

Terms and fees of service

 

Term of service              Fee

 

Fifteenth day                         Free

Fifth day                                30 GEL

Third day                               50 GEL

The same day                         75 GEL

 

May I apply for Georgian citizenship by naturalization if my application for the establishment of legal bond to Georgia was rejected?

If your application was rejected, you may apply for Georgian citizenship by naturalization.

Award of Georgian Citizenship under ordinary procedure

    • What eligibility criteria should I meet to be awarded Georgian citizenship under the ordinary procedure?

     

    You must be a person of full legal age, legally and uninterruptedly residing in Georgia for at least five years before the date of submitting an application for citizenship of Georgia; know the state language within the established limits, know basics of the history of Georgia and general principles of law within the established limits. You must have a job or/and own real estate in Georgia, or must be engaged in entrepreneurial activities in Georgia, or have shares in an enterprise in Georgia. The Commission on Citizenship Issues assesses the compliance of a person’s knowledge of state language, basics of the history of Georgia and general principles of the law with the established limits.

     

    • Where should I apply for the acquisition of Georgian citizenship under the ordinary procedure?

     

    To be awarded Georgian citizenship under the ordinary procedure, please apply to the Public Service Hall.

     

    If you are outside Georgia, you may apply to a relevant diplomatic or consular representation of Georgia abroad.

     

    Required documents

     

    1. a) Application filled out in accordance with the established form;
    2. b) Photo 3×4 in size;
    3. c) Receipt certifying the payment of service fee.

     

    Also, additionally:

     

    1. Copy of birth certificate (if you were born abroad and have such a document);
    2. Document evidencing your legal and uninterrupted stay in the territory of Georgia (a visa, residence permit or card, a stamp bearing the date of crossing the state border of Georgia);
    3. Document evidencing a job or/and real estate in Georgia, or engagement in entrepreneurial activities on the territory of Georgia, or shares in an enterprise in Georgia.

     

    An underage person who is not a Georgian citizens by birth shall be awarded Georgian citizenship under the ordinary procedure if one of his/her parents is a citizen of Georgia.

     

    Documents required:

     

    1. a) Document certifying the citizenship of Georgia of a parent;
    2. b) Copy of birth certificate if the underage person was born abroad.

     

     

    An underage person with the status of refugee or status of stateless person in Georgia, who has been living in Georgia for five years, shall be awarded Georgian citizens under the ordinary procedure.

     

    Documents required:

     

    1. a) Document evidencing that an underage person has been living in Georgia for five years;
    2. b) Document certifying the status of refugee of an underage person or status of stateless person in Georgia;
    3. c) Document evidencing the registration of an application for a status of refugee.

     

    An underage person shall be awarded Georgian citizenship under the ordinary procedure if he/she has been adopted by a citizen of Georgia.

     

    Documents required:

     

    1. a) Document certifying an adopter’s Georgian citizenship;
    2. b) Document evidencing the adoption of the interested person.

     

    An issue of citizenship of a minor or incapable person is considered on the basis of application of their legal representative.

     

    An application for the citizenship of minor aged 14 – 18, submitted by a legal representative, shall be enclosed with a written consent of a minor and another parent (if applicable). A minor is not required to provide a consent if he/she is an incapable person.

     

    Terms and fees of service

     

    Term of service              Fee

     

    Eightieth day                         50 GEL

    Sixtieth day                           100 GEL

    Fortieth day                           200 GEL

    Twentieth day                       300 GEL

     

    The total term of acquisition of Georgian citizenship must not exceed three months.

Award of Georgian Citizenship under simplified procedure

What eligibility criteria should I meet to be awarded Georgian citizenship under the simplified procedure?

A person married to a Georgian citizen, who legally and uninterruptedly lived in Georgia for two years before the submission of application is awarded Georgian citizenship under the simplified procedure if he/she:

  1. a) Knows the state language within the established limits;
  2. b) Knows basics of the history and general principles of law of Georgia within the established limits.

The Commission on Citizenship Issues assesses the compliance of a person’s knowledge of state language, basics of the history and general principles of law of Georgia with established limits.

 

Where should I apply for the acquisition of Georgian citizenship under the simplified procedure?

To be awarded Georgian citizenship under the simplified procedure, please apply to the Public Service Hall.

If you are outside Georgia, you may apply to a relevant diplomatic or consular representation of Georgia abroad.

Documents required:

  1. Application filled out in accordance with the established form;
  2. Photo 3×4 in size;
  3. Receipt certifying the payment of service fee;

Also, additionally:

  1. A copy of birth certificate (if a person seeking Georgian citizenship was born abroad and has this document);
  2. A copy of the document evidencing the marriage to a Georgian citizen (a marriage certificate or a court decision on the establishment of this fact);
  3. A document certifying Georgian citizenship of a spouse;
  4. A document evidencing his/her legal and uninterrupted stay on the territory of Georgia for the past two years (a visa, residence card or certificate, a stamp bearing the date of crossing the state border of Georgia).

An application and mentioned documents must be in Georgian. Documents drawn up in other language are accepted provided they are enclosed with a duly certified Georgian translation.

An application and mentioned documents may be submitted in person or by means of authorized person.

Terms and fees of service

 Term of service              Fee

 Eightieth day                         50 GEL

Sixtieth day                           100 GEL

Fortieth day                           200 GEL

Twentieth day                       300 GEL

The total term of acquisition of Georgian citizenship must not exceed three months.

Award of Citizenship under restoration procedure

How may I be restored Georgian citizenship?

 Georgian citizenship may be restored if it has been terminated as a result of:

  1. a) Abandonment of Georgian citizenship;
  2. b) Unlawful termination of Georgian citizenship; or
  3. c) Parents’ choice.

The Commission on Citizenship Issues assesses the compliance of a person’s knowledge of state language with established limits. (The test is not required when Georgian citizenship is restored on the ground of unlawful termination of citizenship.)

 

Where should I apply for the restoration of Georgian citizenship?

To restore Georgian citizenship, please apply to the Public Service Hall or a corresponding territorial office.

If you are outside Georgia, you may apply to a relevant diplomatic or consular representation of Georgia abroad.

Documents required:

  1. Application filled out in accordance with the established form;
  2. Photo 3×4 in size;
  3. Receipt certifying the payment of service fee;

Also, additionally:

  1. Copies of documents evidencing that the interested person was Georgian citizen in accordance with the Law;
  2. Document evidencing an unlawful termination of citizenship of Georgia;
  3. Document evidencing the abandonment of Georgian citizenship;
  4. Document evidencing the termination of Georgian citizenship as a result of parents’ choice.
  5. If a person seeking the restoration of Georgian citizenship is a citizen of foreign country, he/she must additionally submit a document certifying his/her citizenship.

A person whose Georgian citizenship was terminated as a result of parent/parents’ choice may be restored Georgian citizenship upon him/her reaching a full legal age.

 

An issue of citizenship of a minor or incapable person is considered on the basis of application of their legal representative.

 

An application for the citizenship of a minor aged 14 – 18, submitted by a legal representative, shall be enclosed with a written consent of a minor and another parent (if applicable). A minor is not required to provide a consent if he/she is an incapable person.

An application and mentioned documents must be in Georgian. Documents drawn up in other language are accepted provided they are enclosed with a duly certified Georgian translation.

An application and mentioned documents may be submitted in person or by means of authorized person.

Terms and Fees of service       

 

Term of service              Fee

 

Thirtieth day                         100 GEL

Twentieth day                       150 GEL

 

The total term of acquisition of Georgian citizenship must not exceed three months.

Award of Georgian Citizenship as Exception

Pursuant to Paragraph 2 of Article 12 of the Constitution of Georgia, the President of Georgia may award Georgian citizenship as an exception to a citizen of a foreign country who has a special merit before Georgia or when granting Georgian citizenship to him/her is in State interests.

Where should I apply to acquire Georgian citizenship as exception?

To be awarded Georgian citizenship as exception, please apply to the Public Service Hall or a corresponding territorial service.

If you are outside Georgia, you may apply to a relevant diplomatic or consular representation of Georgia abroad.

You may also use online service via website www.sda.ge

Documents required:

  1. Application filled out in accordance with the established form;
  2. Photo 3×4 in size;
  3. Receipt certifying the payment of service fee;

Also, additionally:

  1. A copy of birth certificate (if an applicant for Georgian citizenship was born abroad and has this document), whilst in case of granting citizenship of Georgia to a minor – a copy of birth certificate and a written consent of his/her legal representative;
  2. A passport or other document certifying his/her citizenship and identity;
  3. At least two reference letters from Georgian citizens or legal persons registered in Georgia, concerning the award of Georgian citizenship to a citizen of a foreign country.

An issue of citizenship of a minor or incapable person is considered on the basis of application of their legal representative.

An application for the citizenship of a minor aged 14 – 18, submitted by a legal representative, shall be enclosed with a written consent of a minor and another parent (if applicable). A minor is not required to provide a consent if he/she is an incapable person.

An application and mentioned documents must be in Georgian. Documents drawn up in other language are accepted provided they are enclosed with a duly certified Georgian translation.

A written application for citizenship and relevant documents may be submitted in person or by means of authorized person.

Terms and Fees of service       

 

Term of service              Fee

 

Eightieth day                         250 GEL

Sixtieth day                           350 GEL

Thirtieth day                         500 GEL

 

The total term of acquisition of Georgian citizenship must not exceed three months.

Award of Georgian Citizenship under special procedure

  • A person born in Georgia before 31 March 1993, whose Georgian citizenship is not established, has the right to obtain Georgian citizenship under a special procedure if he/she knows the state language of Georgia, basics of the history and general principles of law of Georgia within the established limits.The Commission on Citizenship Issues assesses the compliance of a person’s knowledge of state language, basics of the history and general principles of law of Georgia with established limits.Where should I apply to acquire Georgian citizenship under the special procedure?

     

    To be awarded Georgian citizenship under the special procedure, please apply to the Public Service Hall or a corresponding territorial office.

    If you are outside Georgia, you may apply to a relevant diplomatic or consular representation of Georgia abroad.

     

    Documents required:

     

    1. Application filled out in accordance with the established form;
    2. Photo 3×4 in size;
    3. Receipt certifying the payment of service fee;

     

    Also, additionally:

     

    1. Copy of birth certificate if this document is not available in the unified registry of the Agency;
    2. Copy of a document certifying identity (ID/residence card, military card, employment record book, or a certificate from workplace, or/and other document certifying the legal fact).

     

    A written application for citizenship and relevant documents may be submitted in person or by means of authorized person.

     

    An application and mentioned documents must be submitted in Georgian. Documents drawn up in other language are accepted provided they are enclosed with a duly certified Georgian translation.

     

    Terms and fees of service

     

    Term of service              Fee

     

    Eightieth day                         50 GEL

    Sixtieth day                           100 GEL

    Fortieth day                           200 GEL

    Twentieth day                       300 GEL

     

    The total term of acquisition of Georgian citizenship must not exceed three months.

Loss of Georgian Citizenship

You will lose citizenship of Georgia if you:

 

  • Acquire citizenship of another state;
  • Acquire citizenship of Georgia by submitting false documents;
  • Without permission of competent Georgian authorities have joined a military service of another country, police or security service.

 

Terms and fees of service

 

Term of service                     Fee

 

Eightieth day                         Free

Sixtieth day                           100 GEL

Thirtieth day                         150 GEL

Tenth day                              200 GEL

Abandonment of Georgian citizenship

A citizen of Georgia has the right to withdraw from Georgian citizenship.

 

You may be denied the withdrawal from Georgian citizenship if you have failed to fulfill duties to the state or the military service. This rule will not apply if you have been postponed or exempted from the military service according to the law. You may also be denied the withdrawal from Georgian citizenship if you have been accused of committing a crime or a court passed a judgment against you, which is subject to enforcement.

 

A decree of President of Georgia on the withdrawal from Georgian citizenship enters into force:

 

  1. Upon a receipt of documents by competent Georgian bodies, which certify the acquisition of citizenship of a foreign country by a person;
  2. On the 15th day of signing, if a submitted document which has been issued by a competent authority of another country, clearly proves that in case a person abandons Georgian citizenship he/she will necessarily be awarded the citizenship of a relevant country.

 

 

You may apply for the withdrawal from Georgian citizenship to any branch of the Agency or the Public Service Hall.

 

If you are outside Georgia, you may apply to a relevant diplomatic or consular representation of Georgia abroad or send a written application and corresponding documentation needed for the consideration of the issue of withdrawal from Georgian citizenship to President of Georgia. An application for withdrawal from Georgian citizenship may also be submitted via online service.

Documents required:

  1. Copy of document certifying the citizenship of Georgia (ID card of citizen of Georgia, a passport of former Soviet Union, a document evidencing the registration);
  2. For applicants aged 18 – 27 – a copy of military service card or a certificate about the postponement of military service, exemption from the military service;
  3. Photo 3×4 in size;
  4. In case name or/and surname was changed, applicant may be asked to provide a copy of the document evidencing the change.
  5. In case of a minor withdrawing from Georgian citizenship – a copy of birth certificate.

 

Note:

An application for a citizenship issue of a minor aged 14 – 18, submitted by a legal representative, shall be enclosed with a duly notarized consent of a minor aged 14 – 18 or a written consent expressed before an authorized official of the body receiving this application.

 

An application for the citizenship issue of a minor aged under 18 years, submitted by one of his/her parents, shall be enclosed with a duly notarized consent of another parent or a written consent expressed before an authorized official of the body receiving this application.

 

Terms and fees of service

 

Term of service              Fee

 

Eightieth day                         Free

Thirtieth day                         100 GEL

Twentieth day                       200 GEL

Tenth day                              300 GEL

 

The total term of acquisition of Georgian citizenship must not exceed three months.

Establishing the status of stateless persons

This status is granted to a person whose Georgian citizenship cannot be established and none of states considers him/her its citizens pursuant to a respective national law.

To establish the status you may apply to any branch of Public Service Development Agency or Public Service Hall.

Any person staying in Georgia, no matter legally or illegally, may apply for the status of stateless person.

An application may be submitted by a capable person of full legal age. The issue of minors aged under 18 is considered on the basis of application of his/her legal representative.

When submitting an application, a status seeker is explained the rights and obligations of an applicant in administrative proceedings as well as legal consequences of decision on establishing the status.

The Agency may invite an applicant for an interview to establish the identity of the applicant.

A relevant notice is communicated to an applicant through its publication on the website of the Agency. When submitting an application, an applicant may indicate an additional form of communication with the Agency: an email address or a request to be officially familiarized with a notice/decision (by handing it over or sending it via post service within the territory of Georgia).

Note: A person who was permanently living on the territory of Georgia by 27 March 1993, but was not considered a Georgian citizens and after 27 March 1993 was not removed from the permanent registration in Georgia, or whose citizenship was terminated through the withdrawal from Georgian citizenship without observing the above procedures, may be granted the status of stateless person.

Documents to be submitted:

 

  1. Application;
  2. Two photos in 3×4 size;
  3. Identification document or travel document issued by a foreign country (or any other document certifying the fact of statelessness of a status seeker).

 

Note: In case documents are missing, an application must provide the reason of absence of documents.

Documents required if application is submitted by an authorized representative:

 

  • Document certifying the legal power of representative;
  • Application must contain the following basic data on the applicant:
  1. Identification data (the name and surname and if these were changed – the name and surname before such change, previous citizenship, sex, date and place of birth, mother’s maiden name and name after marriage);
  2. Details of identity document or travel document issued by a foreign country (the type and number of document, term of validity, place and date of issuance, the issuing body);
  3. Marital status, date of marriage, citizenship and place of birth of children; name, surname and citizenship of a spouse (a former spouse);
  4. Countries of residence and periods of residence in those countries;
  5. Education;
  6. Employment;
  7. Place of actual residence.

Note: In case an applicant changed the place of domicile in Georgia, a status seeker must notify the Agency about this change.

 

Term and fee of service

 Term                    Fee

Within six months    50 GEL

Note: The Agency may extend the term of review of application for an additional period of up to three months if it needs to obtain documentation/information necessary to establish the circumstances that are important for considering and taking a decision on the establishment of status.

 

Status of compatriot residing abroad

 A status of compatriot residing abroad is granted to an adult who:

 

  1. Is a citizen of Georgia having lived in another state for a long period of time;
  2. Is a citizen of other state, is of Georgian descent or/and his/her native language belongs to the Georgian-Caucasian language group.

Along with application, a seeker of status of compatriot residing abroad shall submit the following:

  1. Two photos;
  2. Passport or any other document certifying his/her citizenship and identity;
  3. Letter of motivation;
  4. Document certifying the payment of fee for service rendered by LEPL Public Service Development Agency of the Ministry of Justice of Georgia.

 Terms and fees of service

Term                          Fee

 

Eightieth day                         50 GEL

Within seventy days 100 GEL

 Where needed, the application may be enclosed with birth certificate of a status seeker or a document replacing a birth certificate, a reference letter/motion of the civil organization whose member is a status seeker, as well as document certifying or evidence that a status seeker is of Georgian descent or/and his/her native language belongs to the Georgian-Caucasian language group.